exact cause of endometriosis is unknown, however, there are
a few theories on the cause of endometriosis. One theory is
that the endometrial tissue results from remnants of embryotic
tissue. Another possible theory is retrograde menstrual flow.
With this theory, it is believed that during menstruation,
menstrual flow backs up into the fallopian tubes.
I at risk for endometriosis?
factors for endometriosis include:
age of onset of first menstrual cycle
lasting 7 days
than normal flow
of sister or mother with endometriosis
are symptoms of endometriosis and how will my doctor know if
I have it?
of endometriosis include:
or prolonged menstruation
or spotting between menstrual cycles
doctor will normally do a pelvic exam and check for fixed
tender areas. She may also do a pelvic ultrasound or run blood
tests to rule out other possible cause of your symptoms. A
laparoscopy is the most definitive way to diagnose endometriosis.
are treatment options for endometriosis?
doctor may recommend analgesics such as tylenol and/or NSAIDS
(nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs). Another common treatment
used is oral contraceptives. Since oral contraceptivers can
shorten menstruation or stop it all together this may help
relieve symptoms. They also help in regulating the growth
of endometrial tissue. Other hormonal medications, including
male hormone derivatives may be used, however, side effects
include decreased breast size, voice changes, and other masculine
options include laser ablation of endometrial tissue and hysterectomy.
will alleviate symptoms and endometriosis may also regress
during pregnancy due to lack of menstrual cycles during that
does endometriosis effect my fertility?
endometriosis can cause scarring and adhesions this can unfortunately
lead to difficulty conceiving and/or infertility. Women who
have endometriosis are encouraged to have children early.