Common Vision Disorders in Children

By JustMommies

According to a 1991-1994 CDC study of metropolitan Atlanta area children, approximately 9 in every 10,000 children ages 3 to 10 have low vision or blindness. Two thirds of the children had other disabilities besides having vision impairment. The World Health Organization defines low vision as a visual acuity of 20/70 to 20/400 with the best possible correction.
Signs and symptoms of low vision or blindness
Appearance of eyes or eye movements
Crossed or turned eye
Pupils that are excessively large or small
Nystagmus (eyes that bounce around, dancing eyes, or strange eye movements)

Developmental delays and other symptoms
Delays in reaching developmental milestones
Not tracking objects by three or four months
Doesn’t blink at sudden bright lights
Not interested in books or brightly colored toys
Doesn’t reach for things placed in front of him or her
Turning or tilting head to look at an object
Eye pressing (rubbing or poking eyes)
Not making eye contact
Self-stimulating activities such as rocking, bouncing, and head nodding

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