Symptoms of Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorders

By JustMommies

What is Autism?

Autism is one of the disorders in a group of disorders known as Autism Spectrum Disorders. Autism (also known as classical autism) causes social and developmental impairment in affected children. There are several different disorders in the Autism Spectrum Disorders including classical autism, Asperger’s Syndrome, Pervasive Developmental Disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), Rett Syndrome, and Childhood Disintegrative Disorder.

Signs and Symptoms of Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorders 

Impaired social skills/social interaction  
Child may not make eye contact or use other nonverbal forms of communication. 
Child does not make friends or has difficulty relating with peers. 
Child does not show empathy or cannot understand how someone else feels. 
Child does not play with others or prefers to be by himself. 
Child does not have imaginary play or play with toys. 
Child does not respond to his name. 
Impaired language and communication 
Child is delayed in spoken language or does not talk at all. (About 40% of children with ASD do not talk at all). 
Child has difficulty starting conversations or sustaining a conversation. 

Other symptoms 

Child is repetitive. He may repeat the same things over and over or may develop rituals or routines. 
Child may parrot what is said to him. This condition is known as echolalia. 
Child may line up toys or objects excessively. 
Child may have repetitive body movements such as hand flapping. 
Child may have sensory issues. Certain textures, tastes or sounds may bother him. 
Child may have seizures. One in four children with ASD have seizures. 

How is autism diagnosed?

Autism is often diagnosed in early childhood. Parents or doctors may notice social and language delays that may lead them to seek an evaluation. Diagnosis of autism requires a thorough evaluation by a multidisciplinary team including a neurologist, psychologist, psychiatrist, and other professionals.

Treatment for autism 

Although there is no cure for autism, children with autism can receive therapy to improve their social and communication skills. There are also medications that may help with some of the symptoms that accompany autism. 

Resources and Information on Autism Spectrum Disorders

Autism Society of America
http://www.autism-society.org
 
Autism Research Institute (ARI)
http://www.autismresearchinstitute.com
 
Cure Autism Now (CAN) Foundation
http://www.cureautismnow.org
 
Together for Autism
http://www.togetherforautism.org
 
Sources:
http://www.togetherforautism.org/articles/autism_symptoms_disorder.php
http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/dd/aic/about/default.htm
http://www.nimh.nih.gov/publicat/autism.cfm
 

0
No votes yet
 

comments

Sign in to leave a comment!

Today on JustMommies

Power Your Busy Days with Protein (Sponsored)

We're all familiar with those days where it's difficult to squeeze in balanced meals, or any meal at all. Between running errands and keeping the kids on schedule, we are all in need of a grab and go snack to get us through the day.

Legitimate Ways to Work from Home: Ideas and Tips

If you've thought about working from home, you may have wondered what you could do and how to avoid being scammed. You may have thought that there just aren't any legitimate work-at-home jobs out there...

How to Find a Summer Camp Your Child Will Love

For kids, summer means getting a break from school. While they usually enjoy the break at first, they may soon get bored of having nothing to do.

3 Looks That Look Great Post-Workout (Sponsored)

CALIA by Carrie Underwood allows women to feel strong and beautiful whether they’re working out or running errands. This new fitness lifestyle collection, available exclusively at DICK’S Sporting Goods, aims to make women feel confident and comfortable, while maintaining their personal style.