How To Build An Outdoor Waterfall - Page 2
The highest quality materials available for the design of a garden or outdoor waterfall are much less costly than combining the cost of those materials with manual labor. You can create your own garden waterfall without hiring a professional by finding designs for outdoor waterfalls that are very simple and inexpensive to build.
There are specific structures, ways to plan, and certain forethought needed for the waterfall you build. Among the many waterfalls there are to choose from will be options to build, design, and create one all on your own. Consider your base, or, the pool into which the water from your waterfall will descend. You must also, of course, consider the structure of the waterfall itself. Often, creating a waterfall uses rock, which many people harvest from their own property – if not there are many kinds of rock available for you to purchase.
There are, of course, other styles of waterfalls like waterfalls made of bamboo or brick – waterfalls you may prefer when you imagine the project before you begin to build.
Here are the supplies you will require if you want to build an inexpensive and yet elegant waterfall for your home:
1. It is a great idea to use rocks, and, as a matter of fact, it may be the very best and certainly one of the most inexpensive ways to go about making your own waterfall.
2. You will need a submersible pump.
3. You will need tubing to run from the pump to the very top of the waterfall, re-circulating the water as it pours constantly down
4. You will need a large, preferably plastic flower pot to house your tubing.
5. Purchase a rigid pond liner for your outdoor waterfall.
6. You will need a carpenter’s level.
7. Make sure you have an adequate shovel, of course, before you start to dig.
8. You will need sand and, of course, a good garden hose
All of the above things are available at virtually any hardware store – so it is easy to get going. Be sure to consider the space and the base above all else. The more secure, durable, and dependable your waterfall’s base is the better your waterfall will turn out and the simpler it will be to maintain.
You will want to choose the very best design for your waterfall that will suit your personal taste aesthetically and that will certainly best suit your needs spaciously. No matter what amount of space you have, a cascade design will be great idea for virtually any outdoor waterfall. You can make the waterfall cascade down a slender area of your garden.
You can also use a waterfall that cascades from more than one source, purchase more than one pump. Especially if you have a large space to fill and a wild imagination for elaborate design, you may want more than one source of water falling. Create a hole in the plastic flower pot or flower pots and thread your tubing through the hole.
How long should the tubing be? Well, that will be determined by many things. Unfortunately, you will really have to do some strict measuring before you choose the length. The most important thing to remember is that too much is much better than too little when you purchase tubing for your outdoor waterfall. Do not try to get the perfect measurement and cut the tubing any sooner than you absolutely need to. When you finally do complete the cutting, leave yourself extra tubing – in other words: measure more than you need.
The first step is creating a pond – base or pond-like pool for the bottom of the waterfall. You will create a spillway, with the rocks in a cascade design. A spillway is often composed of long, slate-like stone – even using two of these rocks will provide a multi tiered effect. With smooth edges on the rocks the water will have more of a tendency to curve or duck almost under the rock. When your rocks have sharp and square-like shape to them, the water will drop more in the way you would expect it to, cascading rather than disappearing.
Lay the black plastic of your garden pond or base into the ground – making sure it is properly secured. Then you should line the area with rocks. The rocks that you use at the bottom of your pond or waterfall base are not as important in shape, size or even in what they look like, than the rocks you will use in the design of your waterfall. Most importantly, the rocks that will dictate the course of your waterfall’s flow and descent are the ones that you should be more concerned about.
One great idea is to cover the under most layer of rock with one long piece of flat rock that will cover virtually the entire base. Then place your next layer of rocks above this sheet. Once this is done, and you have your base built and sturdy. You must be sure it is ready to go and that you have taken your time on it before moving to the next step, of course.
At this time you should begin to build your rock wall. When you have your equipment ready and decide to build a rock wall you should try to stagger the seams a bit as you build it. This means that your rocks should not be made to lie directly above one another, but rather especially asymmetrically. This actually has much less to do with structure and more to do with aesthetics.
When you have finished building your rock wall and, again, have made certain that the structure is absolutely secure and you are ready to move on, you will move on to the spillway itself. Begin by trying to figure out the very best position to place your spillway rocks on top of your shelf rock.
Essentially, you want to build four mini rock walls where you will be placing your submersible pump. These should be designed to encase the plastic flower pot, in essence, boxing it in. If you have multiple spouts or water sources for a more elaborate design – you will, naturally, need a box shaped stone wall for every submersible pump. You will have to pre-think the tubing, many people create grooves or ditches in the rock wall in which the tubing can be placed. And, of course, remember to have some extra length to work with once you set in the tubing itself.
Place two longer stones across the top of your structure to span the walls and form a sort of overhang. The very first spillway rocks should be placed on the top of your shelf rock. It should reach out as far as possible for your spillway. Ideally, the top spillway rock should reach out above the center of the water at the base. Nonetheless, this is sometimes very difficult to accomplish, but it is not impossible. In such a case, just have the largest piece of rock jut out as far as it will over the water when you apply it into the shelf rock.