In a perfect world, our noses simply help us to breathe and filter out what doesn't belong. In the imperfect world we live in, nosebleeds, unfortunately, are a relatively common occurrence. A basic definition of a nosebleed is a hemorrhage that comes from the nose.
The most common type of nosebleed is referred to as an anterior nosebleed, which originates in the front of the nose. Posterior nosebleeds, which are much less common, originate from the larger blood vessels in the back of the nose and often require medical attention. In severe nosebleeds, the blood from the hemorrhage can actually travel up the nasolacrimal duct and expel from the eye. Blood from a nosebleed can also make its way down the throat and into the stomach, which can cause nausea and vomiting.
As gruesome as this all might sound, nosebleeds don't often require medical attention. However, this is likely of little consolation to you if you suffer from recurring nosebleeds. For anyone who experiences recurring nosebleeds, a variety of causes should be explored so that a suitable treatment plan can be established. Ultimately, recurring nosebleeds should be curable.
In order to more thoroughly understand your recurring nosebleeds, consider the most common causes of a nosebleed and identify any factors that might apply to you or your environment:
Allergies, especially frequent blowing of the nose or sneezing
Nasal trauma, like a broken bone in the nose
The use of blood-thinning medications
Topical medications that can irritate the nasal passage, like over-the-counter nasal sprays
Any upper respiratory infection that affects the sinuses or the nose
Septum abnormalities, most commonly a deviated septum
Changes in air pressure
High blood pressure
Drug use via nasal snorting
Hormonal changes that frequently occur during pregnancy
At-Home Nosebleed Treatment
Use your index finger and thumb to pinch your nostrils together
Press the nose toward the bones of the face
Lean forward just slightly to avoid inhaling or swallowing the blood
Hold your nose in this position for several minutes
Be sure to keep your head at a more elevated level than your heart while holding this position
Wrap ice in a towel and apply it to your face and nose.
Potential Cures for Nosebleeds
Moistened air, especially via an air humidifier
Proper hydration, especially during dry winters
A cold-mist vaporizer
Coating the interior of the nose with petroleum jelly
The avoidance of any kind of forceful blowing of the nose when possible
Lower dosages of blood-thinning medications if possible
Avoidance of smoking