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May 19th, 2011, 10:19 AM
way2gomom way2gomom is offline
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This garden plan was distributed as a hand out at a Parks & Rec office in an unknown state and an unknown county. Just thought some of you might be interested. I've also included some notes about the various herbs.

Angelica (A. archangelica syn A. officinalis)
1. Can be easily confused with WATER HEMLOCK (Cicuta maculata) of which one mouthful can kill.
2. Should NOT be used by DIABETICS (increases blood sugar) or during PREGNANCY (abortifacient).
4. Once used for medicinal and culinary purposes. ITS SAFETY IS CURRENTLY BEING DEBATED. Still considered safe by USDA in small amounts, but for CULINARY PURPOSES ONLY - not recommended for medicinal use and NOT to exceed recommended dosage if someone is foolish enough to take the risk.
5. The oil can increase PHOTOSENSIVITY, so avoid excess exposure to the sunshine if using the oil externally for any reason.
6. Large amounts act too strongly on the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
7. The fresh plant can cause CONTACT DERMATITIS in sensitive individuals.
8. **Severe POISONING has resulted from large doses of root taken for the purpose of abortion.**
Bee Balm Monarda didyma, (red) (purple) Monarda fistulosa, (pink)

Borage (Borago officinalis) aka Bee bread, Bee Clover, Borrage, Burrage, Cool Tankard, False Bugloss, LLanwenlys (Welsh), Star flower, Talewort
Therapeutic use not recommended due to presence in all parts of pyrrolizidine alkaloids,although not present, or in extremely minute amounts in the oil.
Subject to legal restrictions in some countries.
Plant is 'hairy' and can cause contact dermatitis in susceptible individuals.
CALYX is NOT edible.

- Fresh leaves have been used in salads to increase milk flow in nursing mothers.

Bouncing Bet (Saponaria officinalis) aka Soapwort
- Bouncing bet leaves contain a natural soap, and a lather can be raised from crushed leaves.

Bush Pennyroyal
WARNING!! Pennyroyal should be avoided in any and all forms by pregnant women, especially the essential oil.
- The tea has been used strictly for medicinal purposes. It should NOT be taken by pregnant women (abortifacient).

Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa)
No longer used medicinally as it contains TOXIC CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES!
All milkweed contain these POTENT CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES, large doses of which are TOXIC and can cause diarrhea and vomiting!
Fresh leaves cause nausea!
Animals have been POISONED by feeding on the leaves and stems.

Calendulas (Calendula officinalis) a.k.a. Garden Marigold, Holigold, Mary bud, Marigold, Marygold, Pot Marigold
If ALLERGIC TO RAGWEED, there is the possibility of allergy to Calendula since they share the same family!

Frequent skin contact might increase sensitivity.

NOT TO BE CONFUSED with French/African marigold of the Tagetes species which is the marigold commonly sold in nursery offerings and which is used to deter insects, but has no medicinal value! Calendula has flat, long ray flowers of bright orange to yellow surrounding a dark, central disk(much like Black Eyed Susan), while those of the Tagetes species usually (some exceptions) have pom-pom type heads of crenate petals (rays) and in a large variety of colors and combinations.
- The infusion has been used to regulate menses, stimulating its onset if late, but also reducing flow if excessive. Has been also used for menstrual cramping, menopausal symptoms, cancer of breast and uterus (as both tea and poultice) and to treat abnormal cervical cells (in the form of a bolus).
- In the bath 5 to 10 drops of the oil has been added for anxiety or depression.

- Astringent, antiseptic, alterative, antibactertial, antiviral, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, aperient, healing and soothing, gynecological action, emmenogogue, cholagogue, diaphoretic, vulnerary (works quickly to granulate the exposed flesh), estrogenic; stimulates uterus, liver and gall bladder; stimulates growth of new skins cells, closes wounds; stimulates immune system; retards tumor growth; soothes the central nervous system. Has been used over the centuries in combination as a supporting healing agent to treat just about every malady known to man.


Catnip (Nepeta cataria) aka Cat's Fancy, Cat's Wort, Catmint, Catnep, Catrup, Field Balm, Herb Catta, Nep
- Has been used in infusion form for anemia, to improve circulation, colds, flu, catarrh, bronchitis, feverish illnesses, indigestion, flatulence, insomnia, measles, neuraligia, nightmare, scurvy, tuberculosis, chicken pox, hives, headaches (also a compress of the infusion on the forehead), hyperactivity, palpitations, colic, nervous dyspepsia, nervousness, drug and nicotine withdrawal, fatigue, hemorrhoids, hiccups, infertility, insanity, pain, restlessness, shock, skin problems, external sores, stress, vomiting, roseola, amenorrhea (also for difficult periods; for delayed or spotty periods, 1 tbsp of the juice of the leaf jas been taken 2 or 3 times daily), diarrhea (due to the presence of tannins), worms and head congestion before a flu.

- Has been used in stress formulas for its sedative effect.
- Nicholas Culpeper, a 17th century herbalist, noted that barren women sat over the fumes of catnip tea in an effort to rectify their inability to breed.

Chamomile (Matricaria recutita syn Matricaria chamomilla) (Anthemis nobilis syn Chamaemaelum nobile)
Avoid with heavy periods! Can increase bleeding!
Oil subject to legal restrictions in some countries.

If allergic to ragweed or other members of the Compositae family, you should approach use of Chamomile tea or other Chamomile products with caution.

Long term or frequent use can develop into an allergy over time.

Although once used as an eyebath, the infusion applied near the eyes could irritate or cause allergic conjunctivitis.
Handling the plant can cause a rash.
- For the herbalist there are only two varieties of consequence: German Chamomile and Roman Chamomile. Both are used interchangeably in herbalism, although some herbalists will prefer one over the other which is strictly a matter of prejudice or perhaps supply wherein the source of one type is superior to the source of the other in alleviating symptoms. Of the Roman Chamomile, there is a large number of herbalists who prefer the Double Flowering (C.n. 'Flore Pleno') variety which is sterile, but contains less irritating components. The distilled oil of these Chamomiles is blue, the German being deeper and darker in color.
- Currently used for: Lack of appetite, bronchitis, colds, coughs, as a deodorant, digestive aid, digestive tract inflammations and spasms, for sore throats, fever, liver and gallbladder problems, skin inflammations, wounds and burns, a tendency to infections, PMS, tension, anxiety or nervous disposition as a calmative.

- Has a long history of use for female problems such as painful menstrual periods, menopausal symptoms and depression, leukorrhea (douche), lack of periods, female conditions involving tension, spasm or pain associated with the reproductive system, also associated headaches and migraines. Infusion has been added to bath water for migraine and mastitis. Infusion or ointment has been used for sore and/or cracked nipples. Has been combined with Ginger for menstrual cramps and other types of painful spasms. (NOTE: With migraine, releasing the tension in the back and neck with heat and/or - preferably both - massage will usually ease the pain to some degree. I find a shoulder massage, where I store my stress, nearly removes the pain of tension headaches entirely without the use of anything else.)
- For hemorrhoids and wounds a salve has also been employed.

- Calms, relaxes, refreshes. Inhalation of the vaporized oil used to relieve anxiety and depression associated with menopause, general depression, irritability, insomnia, hysteria, and hypersensitivity.

Chicory (Cichorium intybus) aka Barbe-de-Capuchin, Blue Dandelion, Blue Sailors, Endive, Garden Chicory, Succory, Turnsole, Wild Chicory, Wild Endive, Wild Succory, Witloof Chicory
If allergic to ragweed or other members of the Compositae family, approach use of Chicory with caution
In rare cases contact with the fresh plant can cause allergic skin reactions.
- Culpeper recommended a handful of leaves or stems boiled in white wine or water to be taken while fasting for dyspepsia, liver and gallbladder problems, spleen problems, jaundice, scalding urine, dropsy, and cachexia (an emaciated state caused by illness). When coming down with a cold or flu, as a preventative, he recommended a dram of powdered seed in wine. He was also familiar with floral 'essences' as he advocated the essence of Chicory herb and flower for swoonings, passions of the heart, headache in children, sore red eyes and for sore, nursing breasts with an overabundance of milk.
- To make a Chicory 'essence' or flower remedy, pick flowers early in the day and allow to soak in fresh water in the sun. Later in the day, strain and store this essence. A few drops in liquid have been used for 'crying jags' or for those are are overly possessive or critical of others, or just plain overbearing and controlling; also for those with 'martyr' syndrome.

Chives (Allium schoenoprasum syn Allium sibiricum) aka Ail civitte (Fr), Cives, Petite poureau (Fr), Seithes, Sieves
- Rarely used medicinally today, but probably helpful to a lesser degree as garlic and onions.

- Mildly antibiotic, appetite stimulant, vermifuge; leaves mildly laxative.
- Has been used as part of the diet (leaves chewed slowly or minced and sprinkled on food) to lower blood pressure, reduce cholesterol and to prevent miscarriage as well as for anemia, bleeding, internal mucous, tuberculosis, urinary problems, general debility. Leaves have also been juiced in combination with fruits and vegetables.

Clary Sage

Columbine (Aquilegia vulgaris) and (Aquilegia canadensis) aka Bells, Cluckies, European Crowfoot, Garden Columbine, Meeting Houses, Rock Lily
SEEDS ARE POISONOUS and of particular danger to CHILDREN!
- The seeds added to wine was used to hasten childbirth, also to treat jaundice.

- In some Native American cultures the seeds were used as a love perfume and a love medicine to attract the girl of your dreams

Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) aka Assear, Beinwurz (Ger), Blackwort, Boneset, Bruisewort, Consolida, Consoude (Fr), Consound, Gum Plant, Healing Herb, Knitback, Knitbone, Nipbone, Okopnik (Russ), Salsify, Schwarzwurz (Ger), Slippery Root, Wallwort, Yalluc (Saxon)

A CAUTION note: There has been some concern over comfrey's safety and it is recommended currently for EXTERNAL USE ONLY. Concerns center around its potential for liver damage when consumed even in small amounts over long periods of time. Contains the alkaloid Lasiocarpine which is considered carcinogenic and low levels of echimidine (much higher in Russian and other Comfreys than S. officinale). Contains pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PA's) which damage the veins of the liver and have poisoned humans and livestock. Internal damage appears to occur only when liver metabolizes its most toxic component, which is not found in common comfrey, but IS found in prickly and Russian comfrey (in a Canadian test nearly half of Comfrey products offered commercially contained both). The presence of PA's was reported in the early 1970's. Ingestion of PA's can produce veno-occlusive disease of the liver in which blood flow from liver is shut off. Death follows.

Oddly enough the ancients only used it for external purposes. It was only in more recent times it became popular for internal use. Although there is rumor of a study where the water extract was said to decrease tumor growth. I have been unable to verify.

VARIETY MATTERS! Only S. officinale is used. Russian Comrey and S. asperum are NO-NO's.

Not taken when PREGNANT!
Not applied externally to nipples while NURSING!
Not taken for more than 4 to 6 weeks spread out over the course of a year!
External applications are of the leaf products only and then limited to 6 weeks!
Not used on DEEP WOUNDS as rapid surface healing can trap dirt and pus in the wound!
Leaves can cause contact dermatitis!
Use is restricted in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and Germany.
Products containing echimidine are banned in Canada.
The early spring leaves can be mistaken for Foxglove which is highly poisonous!
- Has been used for hemorrhoids (the powdered root moistened with a bit of vegetable oil and applied as a paste); either the ointment or infused oil has been used for diaper rash and perineal tearing.

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Last edited by way2gomom; May 19th, 2011 at 11:56 AM.
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