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Childhood Obesity

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July 1st, 2006, 01:34 AM
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I want to hear your thoughts.

Personally, I don't think it does.

And there is now a RECENT study out that says that there is no difference and that breastfeeding or formula feeding most likely has no effect whatsoever on childhood obesity, which is what I have said from the start.

Does breastfeeding or the age at which other foods are introduced to infants affect the risk of obesity in early childhood? Research on this question has produced mixed results, and a new study has found that a child's fatness at age five is not related to being breastfed or the age in infancy when other foods are introduced.

In studying the association between infant feeding and fatness during early childhood, researchers from The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Cincinnati Children's Hospital were the first to use a technique called dual-energy X-ray absorpiometry (DXA) to measure adiposity, or body fatness. Previous studies have used body mass index (BMI), which is the conventional method of determining fatness based on measuring height and weight.

"DXA measures the amount of fat tissue more directly than BMI," says Hillary Burdette, M.D., nutrition specialist at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and lead investigator of the study, which appears in the March issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

This distinction is important, say the researchers, because adiposity, rather than weight, is thought to account for obesity-related illnesses, such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure and sleep apnea, among others. "With the rising prevalence of childhood obesity, interest has increased in determining whether breastfeeding or the delayed introduction of complementary foods - or both - can reduce the risk of later obesity. We found no such effect," says Dr. Burdette.

Dr. Burdette emphasized, however, that the team's findings in no way diminish the importance of breastfeeding for multiple benefits to mothers and children, including protection from infection and establishing a bond between mother and infant. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that infants be exclusively breastfed until at least four months of age.

The researchers used DXA to measure the body composition, particularly the fat tissue, of 313 Caucasian and African American five-year-old children. They had previously gathered information on breastfeeding, infant formula use and the timing of the introduction of complementary foods from the children's mothers when the children were three years old. The researchers defined complementary food as anything other than breast milk, formula or water. They asked mothers when their children started drinking juice or eating infant cereal, baby food or table food.

The research team found no significant difference in fat mass between children that were ever breastfed and those never breastfed. Children who were breastfed for a longer duration and those who were breastfed without concurrent formula feeding did not have significantly lower fat mass than did those children who were never breastfed. Children also did not differ if they were introduced to complementary foods before or after four months of age.

It has been suggested that children that are exclusively or predominantly breastfed for the first four months of life have a different growth pattern than children who are not fed breast milk for the first four months of life. In this study the researchers found no difference in fatness between these two groups of children at 5 years of age.

Dr. Burdette's co-investigators were Robert C. Whitaker, Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.; Waynitra C. Hall, the Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia; and Stephen R. Daniels, Division of Cardiology, Cincinnati Children's Medical Center and Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine.[/b]
From http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/medi...p?newsid=39193

And for those who have been saying I've been too emotionally opinionated and that I haven't been giving FACTS in my posts - there are your facts, so please stop insulting me.

edited to add -
From the American Obesity Association:
There are many factors that contribute to causing child and adolescent obesity - some are modifiable and others are not.
Modifiable causes include:

Physical Activity - Lack of regular exercise.
Sedentary behavior - High frequency of television viewing, computer usage, and similar behavior that takes up time that can be used for physical activity.
Socioeconomic Status - Low family incomes and non-working parents.
Eating Habits - Over-consumption of high-calorie foods. Some eating patterns that have been associated with this behavior are eating when not hungry, eating while watching TV or doing homework.
Environment - Some factors are over-exposure to advertising of foods that promote high-calorie foods and lack of recreational facilities.
Non-changeable causes include:
Genetics - Greater risk of obesity has been found in children of obese and overweight parents.[/b]
Nothing in there about FF or BF!
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July 1st, 2006, 06:17 AM
LouLouMom's Avatar Mega Super Mommy
Join Date: Mar 2005
Location: NY
Posts: 4,435
I agree with you. It's just one more thing to make someone feel bad for their personal choices

My son was breastfed for longer than my daughter and he was the fattest baby ever

Angel~9/12/05~with us for 5 weeks</span></span></span>
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July 1st, 2006, 06:59 AM
Super Mommy
Join Date: Mar 2006
Location: Overland Park, Kansas
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Running off of very little sleep:

What? What is the argument here? I'm confused lol....Are ppl saying if you bf babies are more likely to be obese? Or are they saying because you ff they are more likely to be obese? I'm confused...I didn't even know there was an argument about obese children and how you feed them as infants. Wow, I'm baffled.

I don't think it matters what you are fed as an infant...I think it has to do with what the parents bring home in the shopping bags. A lot of foods these days, even the ones we all "think" are healthy, are so full of bad stuff....
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July 1st, 2006, 07:06 AM
Mega Super Mommy
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Location: San Angelo, Texas
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I think Andrika was just kind of trying to show a little back up that FF isn't the "end of the world" that may people make it out to be. I too have seen similar articles (I'll try to find them again) about the relation of what an infant is fed and childhood obesity. I know everyone says that personal experiences don't mean anything, but everyone in my family was FF and not one of us is obese. My sister and I were both FF and we've never suffered allergies, asthma, obesity, and we are both 5'9". I'm not saying that BF doesn't have excellent benefits, it does, but it's nice to see some research in favor of FF since everyone makes you out to be a horrible, selfish parent for choosing FF over BF. Thanks, Andrika!
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July 1st, 2006, 07:23 AM
Super Mommy
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Location: Overland Park, Kansas
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Oh, so ppl are saying that if you are FF then you are more likely to be obese. Gotcha.
I think that is silly. lol
I don't see how that can be related at all to how your weight will be when you are 5...I don't see the relation at all. You eat completely different food when you are a child...if you are obese, it's because of what you are eating at the time being...not because of what you were fed years before.

I'm not obese and I was FF.
I don't understand this debate, I'm really shocked. LOL!
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July 1st, 2006, 07:57 AM
Platinum Supermommy
Join Date: Jan 2006
Location: Ontario
Posts: 10,865
childhood obesity usually starts when the child starts eating table food. ITs the choice of table foods the parents decide to feed the child... food guide to healthy eating food vs. take out and junk.

The kid whose following the food guide and gets little junk is more than likely not going to be obese. The kid who eats junk is most liekly going to be,.

Than theres activity

kid who plays vid games/watches/sits at computer all day VS kid who gets outside and runs and plays

The first kid (who sits inside all day) probably has more of a chance of being obese than the kid who is outside and plays

I think only a very few ppl can say they are obese because thats just how they were born. I know that the whole population of obese/overweight people arent all liek that because of inheritence. That excuse never makes me happy to hear.

As for kids who are FF vs BF I dont think either has anything to do with obesity. Ive never seen an obese baby thats 6mths, the only time ive seen a kid who is obese is after they start table foods


My friend who has a little boy, hes about 2 or 3 now. When I saw him when he was 4mths old he was soo tiny, the size of a newborn almost (weighed no more than 10lbs) Both his parents are obese. They moved, the kid started eating liek the parents, and now hes overweight. he was both FF and BF.
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July 1st, 2006, 10:39 AM
crunchymama's Avatar Mega Super Mommy
Join Date: Jul 2005
Posts: 4,383

Finding a relationship is interesting, but what's really important is figuring out why the relationship exists. Breast-fed children are better able to adjust and control how much they eat as compared to their bottle-fed peers. The hormonal response is different in breast-fed children. Formula feeding causes a greater release of insulin which may result in greater fat deposition. Another possible reason for more obesity in formula-fed children is the higher protein content of formula. This may "program" the formula-fed children to deposit more fat.




The associations between various feeding methods during infancy and childhood obesity have been the most thoroughly explored. Epidemiological data suggest that breastfeeding, even as it is generally practiced in the United States—that is, as a non-exclusive source of nutrition, usually of short duration—confers a small but significant degree of protection from childhood obesity, although it is not certain why this is so or the extent to which other factors may confound this finding. A recent review of 11 epidemiologic studies with adequate sample size1 found that eight of the studies showed breastfed children to be at a lower risk of overweight after controlling for potential confounders (Dewey, 2003). Studies published since that review have generally confirmed that finding but not in all subpopulations. For example, Bergmann and colleagues (2003) examined the weight status of a cohort of children at six years of age and found that those who were bottle fed as infants had a higher prevalence of obesity than those who were breastfed. Other risk factors for adiposity at six years of age included overweight of the mother, maternal smoking during pregnancy, and low social status. In research on the weight status of 12,587 children in the United States at 4 years of age, Grummer-Strawn and Mei (2004) found that greater duration of breastfeeding showed a protective effect on the risk of overweight among non-Hispanic whites, but not among non-Hispanic blacks or Hispanics. The reasons for differences among ethnic groups are not clear; the study did not examine supplementation by formula or foods or varying dietary or physical activity patterns. A study by Bogen and colleagues (2004) also found no association between breast-feeding and obesity among 20,518 low-income black children (the study sample did not include Hispanics).



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July 1st, 2006, 10:45 AM
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OMG, It's just another b.s. thing that breastfeeding women came up with to make them seem like better parents. Come on now. I don't care if you bottlefed or breastfed, if you give your kid junk food and plop them in front of the tv they are going to get fat! If you feed them healthy foods and make sure they get exercise, the will be healthier. Whether they were breastfed or bottlefed doesn't matter. You can't breastfeed a baby and then feed them nothing but junk food when they start eating and expect them to be skinny simply because they were breastfed. Just like the arguement on allergies, etc. genetics, environment, and so on also factor into the equation. When a child is 10 years old and overweight, I don't think breastfeeding or bottlefeeding has anything to do with it.
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July 1st, 2006, 10:49 AM
Super Mommy
Join Date: Mar 2006
Location: Overland Park, Kansas
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In response to Crunchy Mama:

But does it affect them THAT much?? What is the percentage? I bet it's very low... I don't see how it would affect a child THAT much. Maybe have like a 2% difference or something...but not too much.

I don't know, I just find it very hard to believe.
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July 3rd, 2006, 05:11 PM
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Both my girls were FF pictures are below...you be the judge.
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July 3rd, 2006, 07:56 PM
crunchymama's Avatar Mega Super Mommy
Join Date: Jul 2005
Posts: 4,383
No I don't think it plays a huge role. If you read the links though as far as the insulin and breastfeed babies learning about hunger cues better than formula fed babies it makes a lot sense.
However good nutrtion and an active lifestyle will play a much bigger role than breastfeeding or formula feeding.

OMG, It's just another b.s. thing that breastfeeding women came up with to make them seem like better parents[/b]
That just makes you look ridiculous. none of us wrote those studies. Do you honestly think that the people who put time, money and effort into them did it to make formula feeders feel like bad mothers?
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July 3rd, 2006, 08:13 PM
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Did you bother reading the rest of my post or did you just see that one line and run with it?
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July 3rd, 2006, 08:56 PM
crunchymama's Avatar Mega Super Mommy
Join Date: Jul 2005
Posts: 4,383
No I read the whole thing.

Tone is something that is hard to get on the net so I will say that what I get from reading your post is that you think all the studies done on breastfeeding and obesity are bunk and only made to make breastfeeders look good. Maybe your first sentence was meant to be sarcastic? but somehow I don't think so.
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