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way2gomom May 19th, 2011 10:19 AM

1855 Midwife's Herb Garden Plan
This garden plan was distributed as a hand out at a Parks & Rec office in an unknown state and an unknown county. Just thought some of you might be interested. I've also included some notes about the various herbs.

Angelica (A. archangelica syn A. officinalis)

1. Can be easily confused with WATER HEMLOCK (Cicuta maculata) of which one mouthful can kill.
2. Should NOT be used by DIABETICS (increases blood sugar) or during PREGNANCY (abortifacient).
4. Once used for medicinal and culinary purposes. ITS SAFETY IS CURRENTLY BEING DEBATED. Still considered safe by USDA in small amounts, but for CULINARY PURPOSES ONLY - not recommended for medicinal use and NOT to exceed recommended dosage if someone is foolish enough to take the risk.
5. The oil can increase PHOTOSENSIVITY, so avoid excess exposure to the sunshine if using the oil externally for any reason.
6. Large amounts act too strongly on the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
7. The fresh plant can cause CONTACT DERMATITIS in sensitive individuals.
8. **Severe POISONING has resulted from large doses of root taken for the purpose of abortion.**
Bee Balm Monarda didyma, (red) (purple) Monarda fistulosa, (pink)

Borage (Borago officinalis) aka Bee bread, Bee Clover, Borrage, Burrage, Cool Tankard, False Bugloss, LLanwenlys (Welsh), Star flower, Talewort

Therapeutic use not recommended due to presence in all parts of pyrrolizidine alkaloids,although not present, or in extremely minute amounts in the oil.
Subject to legal restrictions in some countries.
Plant is 'hairy' and can cause contact dermatitis in susceptible individuals.
CALYX is NOT edible.

- Fresh leaves have been used in salads to increase milk flow in nursing mothers.

Bouncing Bet (Saponaria officinalis) aka Soapwort
- Bouncing bet leaves contain a natural soap, and a lather can be raised from crushed leaves.

Bush Pennyroyal

WARNING!! Pennyroyal should be avoided in any and all forms by pregnant women, especially the essential oil.
- The tea has been used strictly for medicinal purposes. It should NOT be taken by pregnant women (abortifacient).

Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa)

No longer used medicinally as it contains TOXIC CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES!
All milkweed contain these POTENT CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES, large doses of which are TOXIC and can cause diarrhea and vomiting!
Fresh leaves cause nausea!
Animals have been POISONED by feeding on the leaves and stems.

Calendulas (Calendula officinalis) a.k.a. Garden Marigold, Holigold, Mary bud, Marigold, Marygold, Pot Marigold

If ALLERGIC TO RAGWEED, there is the possibility of allergy to Calendula since they share the same family!

Frequent skin contact might increase sensitivity.

NOT TO BE CONFUSED with French/African marigold of the Tagetes species which is the marigold commonly sold in nursery offerings and which is used to deter insects, but has no medicinal value! Calendula has flat, long ray flowers of bright orange to yellow surrounding a dark, central disk(much like Black Eyed Susan), while those of the Tagetes species usually (some exceptions) have pom-pom type heads of crenate petals (rays) and in a large variety of colors and combinations.

- The infusion has been used to regulate menses, stimulating its onset if late, but also reducing flow if excessive. Has been also used for menstrual cramping, menopausal symptoms, cancer of breast and uterus (as both tea and poultice) and to treat abnormal cervical cells (in the form of a bolus).
- In the bath 5 to 10 drops of the oil has been added for anxiety or depression.

- Astringent, antiseptic, alterative, antibactertial, antiviral, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, aperient, healing and soothing, gynecological action, emmenogogue, cholagogue, diaphoretic, vulnerary (works quickly to granulate the exposed flesh), estrogenic; stimulates uterus, liver and gall bladder; stimulates growth of new skins cells, closes wounds; stimulates immune system; retards tumor growth; soothes the central nervous system. Has been used over the centuries in combination as a supporting healing agent to treat just about every malady known to man.


Catnip (Nepeta cataria) aka Cat's Fancy, Cat's Wort, Catmint, Catnep, Catrup, Field Balm, Herb Catta, Nep
- Has been used in infusion form for anemia, to improve circulation, colds, flu, catarrh, bronchitis, feverish illnesses, indigestion, flatulence, insomnia, measles, neuraligia, nightmare, scurvy, tuberculosis, chicken pox, hives, headaches (also a compress of the infusion on the forehead), hyperactivity, palpitations, colic, nervous dyspepsia, nervousness, drug and nicotine withdrawal, fatigue, hemorrhoids, hiccups, infertility, insanity, pain, restlessness, shock, skin problems, external sores, stress, vomiting, roseola, amenorrhea (also for difficult periods; for delayed or spotty periods, 1 tbsp of the juice of the leaf jas been taken 2 or 3 times daily), diarrhea (due to the presence of tannins), worms and head congestion before a flu.

- Has been used in stress formulas for its sedative effect.
- Nicholas Culpeper, a 17th century herbalist, noted that barren women sat over the fumes of catnip tea in an effort to rectify their inability to breed.

Chamomile (Matricaria recutita syn Matricaria chamomilla) (Anthemis nobilis syn Chamaemaelum nobile)

Avoid with heavy periods! Can increase bleeding!
Oil subject to legal restrictions in some countries.

If allergic to ragweed or other members of the Compositae family, you should approach use of Chamomile tea or other Chamomile products with caution.

Long term or frequent use can develop into an allergy over time.

Although once used as an eyebath, the infusion applied near the eyes could irritate or cause allergic conjunctivitis.
Handling the plant can cause a rash.

- For the herbalist there are only two varieties of consequence: German Chamomile and Roman Chamomile. Both are used interchangeably in herbalism, although some herbalists will prefer one over the other which is strictly a matter of prejudice or perhaps supply wherein the source of one type is superior to the source of the other in alleviating symptoms. Of the Roman Chamomile, there is a large number of herbalists who prefer the Double Flowering (C.n. 'Flore Pleno') variety which is sterile, but contains less irritating components. The distilled oil of these Chamomiles is blue, the German being deeper and darker in color.
- Currently used for: Lack of appetite, bronchitis, colds, coughs, as a deodorant, digestive aid, digestive tract inflammations and spasms, for sore throats, fever, liver and gallbladder problems, skin inflammations, wounds and burns, a tendency to infections, PMS, tension, anxiety or nervous disposition as a calmative.

- Has a long history of use for female problems such as painful menstrual periods, menopausal symptoms and depression, leukorrhea (douche), lack of periods, female conditions involving tension, spasm or pain associated with the reproductive system, also associated headaches and migraines. Infusion has been added to bath water for migraine and mastitis. Infusion or ointment has been used for sore and/or cracked nipples. Has been combined with Ginger for menstrual cramps and other types of painful spasms. (NOTE: With migraine, releasing the tension in the back and neck with heat and/or - preferably both - massage will usually ease the pain to some degree. I find a shoulder massage, where I store my stress, nearly removes the pain of tension headaches entirely without the use of anything else.)
- For hemorrhoids and wounds a salve has also been employed.

- Calms, relaxes, refreshes. Inhalation of the vaporized oil used to relieve anxiety and depression associated with menopause, general depression, irritability, insomnia, hysteria, and hypersensitivity.

Chicory (Cichorium intybus) aka Barbe-de-Capuchin, Blue Dandelion, Blue Sailors, Endive, Garden Chicory, Succory, Turnsole, Wild Chicory, Wild Endive, Wild Succory, Witloof Chicory

If allergic to ragweed or other members of the Compositae family, approach use of Chicory with caution
In rare cases contact with the fresh plant can cause allergic skin reactions.
- Culpeper recommended a handful of leaves or stems boiled in white wine or water to be taken while fasting for dyspepsia, liver and gallbladder problems, spleen problems, jaundice, scalding urine, dropsy, and cachexia (an emaciated state caused by illness). When coming down with a cold or flu, as a preventative, he recommended a dram of powdered seed in wine. He was also familiar with floral 'essences' as he advocated the essence of Chicory herb and flower for swoonings, passions of the heart, headache in children, sore red eyes and for sore, nursing breasts with an overabundance of milk.
- To make a Chicory 'essence' or flower remedy, pick flowers early in the day and allow to soak in fresh water in the sun. Later in the day, strain and store this essence. A few drops in liquid have been used for 'crying jags' or for those are are overly possessive or critical of others, or just plain overbearing and controlling; also for those with 'martyr' syndrome.

Chives (Allium schoenoprasum syn Allium sibiricum) aka Ail civitte (Fr), Cives, Petite poureau (Fr), Seithes, Sieves
- Rarely used medicinally today, but probably helpful to a lesser degree as garlic and onions.

- Mildly antibiotic, appetite stimulant, vermifuge; leaves mildly laxative.
- Has been used as part of the diet (leaves chewed slowly or minced and sprinkled on food) to lower blood pressure, reduce cholesterol and to prevent miscarriage as well as for anemia, bleeding, internal mucous, tuberculosis, urinary problems, general debility. Leaves have also been juiced in combination with fruits and vegetables.

Clary Sage

Columbine (Aquilegia vulgaris) and (Aquilegia canadensis) aka Bells, Cluckies, European Crowfoot, Garden Columbine, Meeting Houses, Rock Lily

SEEDS ARE POISONOUS and of particular danger to CHILDREN!
- The seeds added to wine was used to hasten childbirth, also to treat jaundice.

- In some Native American cultures the seeds were used as a love perfume and a love medicine to attract the girl of your dreams

Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) aka Assear, Beinwurz (Ger), Blackwort, Boneset, Bruisewort, Consolida, Consoude (Fr), Consound, Gum Plant, Healing Herb, Knitback, Knitbone, Nipbone, Okopnik (Russ), Salsify, Schwarzwurz (Ger), Slippery Root, Wallwort, Yalluc (Saxon)


A CAUTION note: There has been some concern over comfrey's safety and it is recommended currently for EXTERNAL USE ONLY. Concerns center around its potential for liver damage when consumed even in small amounts over long periods of time. Contains the alkaloid Lasiocarpine which is considered carcinogenic and low levels of echimidine (much higher in Russian and other Comfreys than S. officinale). Contains pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PA's) which damage the veins of the liver and have poisoned humans and livestock. Internal damage appears to occur only when liver metabolizes its most toxic component, which is not found in common comfrey, but IS found in prickly and Russian comfrey (in a Canadian test nearly half of Comfrey products offered commercially contained both). The presence of PA's was reported in the early 1970's. Ingestion of PA's can produce veno-occlusive disease of the liver in which blood flow from liver is shut off. Death follows.

Oddly enough the ancients only used it for external purposes. It was only in more recent times it became popular for internal use. Although there is rumor of a study where the water extract was said to decrease tumor growth. I have been unable to verify.

VARIETY MATTERS! Only S. officinale is used. Russian Comrey and S. asperum are NO-NO's.

Not taken when PREGNANT!
Not applied externally to nipples while NURSING!
Not taken for more than 4 to 6 weeks spread out over the course of a year!
External applications are of the leaf products only and then limited to 6 weeks!
Not used on DEEP WOUNDS as rapid surface healing can trap dirt and pus in the wound!
Leaves can cause contact dermatitis!
Use is restricted in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and Germany.
Products containing echimidine are banned in Canada.
The early spring leaves can be mistaken for Foxglove which is highly poisonous!

- Has been used for hemorrhoids (the powdered root moistened with a bit of vegetable oil and applied as a paste); either the ointment or infused oil has been used for diaper rash and perineal tearing.

way2gomom May 19th, 2011 11:36 AM

Re: 1855 Midwife's Herb Garden Plan
Costmary (Chrysanthemum balsamita syn Tanacetum balsamita syn Balsamita major) a.k.a. Alecost, Alehoof, Balsam Herb, Bible leaf, Mint Geranium, Sweet Mary
- No longer used medicinally.
- Was listed in the BP as useful to treat dysentary and digestive problems but was also used to treat gout, headache, amenorrhea, colds, flu, fevers, flatulence, and also used as a diuretic. The infused oil was used to treat gout, sciatica, and joint pain.
- Cooling and pleasant in the bath.
- Infusion added to rinsing water to perfume household linens: Infuse 4 oz. of fresh leaves or 2 Tbsp dry in 2 C. water just off the boil for 2 hours; strain and add to rinse water when laundering linens.
- The leaves have been combined with Lavender to fragrance the linen closet.
- Costmary obtained the name 'Bible Leaf' in Puritan places of worship where the sermons were unendurably long. A leaf was placed between the pages of the Bible; when fatigued it was taken up and sniffed or else nibbled in an effort to keep one awake. It still makes a fragrant and fun bookmark and has the added benefit of repelling insects, especially the small ones that like to feed on paper.

Creeping Thyme


Dill Weed

Elderberry (Sambucus nigra) aka Black elder, Bore tree, Bountry, Common Elder, Elderberry, Ellanwood, Ellhorn, European elder, Pipe tree, Sweet elder

No part of this plant should be used in its fresh state as all parts can cause poisoning. Leaves, root, and bark should not be used internally. Excessive doses of bark can be emetic and purgative. Leaves contain toxic cyanogenic glycosides (also found in Prunus sp). Leaves and raw berries are harmful if eaten (berries toxic when raw, but safe when cooked). Bark preparations are not taken during pregnancy. Juice should not be taken fresh.

- Excellent bath herb.The flower water was historically known as Aqua Sambuci.
- Bitter, pungent; FLOWERS are expectorant, diaphoretic (in hot infusion), circulatory stimulant, expectorant, decongestant, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, relaxant, emollient; affects blood, circulation, lungs, bowels, liver, skin. BERRIES are laxative, diaphoretic, diuretic; BARK (rarely used today) is liver stimulant, purgative, emetic (large doses), diuretic, topically emollient; LEAVES are antiseptic.

Egyptian Onion


CAUTION! Use seeds in moderation. Avoid seeds if you have a history of allergies or skin sensitivities. Avoid if pregnant - HORMONAL action.

- An infusion of the seeds or leaves has been used for cramps.
- Promotes lactation in nursing mothers.


CAUTION! Flowers are laxative and should be used sparingly. Leaves can burn the soft tissue of the mouth, use caution.


WARNING!! Foxglove is TOO DEADLY to harvest and use.

Garden Thyme

Globe Amaranth (Amaranthus spp)
- Natives of the Americas dried the flowers for tea and used them for contraception and excessive menses.
- Coarse hairy weeds with a large number of species being useful. Today there are many cultivated varieties for the gardens. Believed to have been grown as long as 8000 years in Central and South America. Cultivated in the high altitudes of the Himalayas, the hill regions of India, Nepal, Pakistan, China and Tibet. A staple food of the Aztecs and used in ritual. Now cultivated in the United States and other countries.
- The name is from the Greek and means "unwithering". In ancient Greece it was sacred to the Ephesian goddess Artemis. It was a symbol of immortality and was used to decorate the images of gods and tombs.
- Native Americans used the seeds of many species for meal and flour.

Greek Oregano (Origanum heracleoticum and O. vulgare hirtum)

NOT given to PREGNANT WOMEN as it stimulates the uterus.

- Has been used internally for colds, flu, stomach upsets and painful menstruation.
- The essential oil is used in aromatherapy for the same conditions listed above.

Green Santolina (Santolina chamaecyparissus) a.k.a Lavender Cotton

Hens and Chickens (Sempervivum tectorum)


Hollyhock (Alcea Rosea)

Horehound (Marrubium vulgare)
- Traditionally used for problems of the respiratory system, disorders of the stomach, and for hepatitis.
- Was used as a tea, cough syrup and as a snuff to treat yellowness of the eye whites (no doubt related to liver disfunction as in the case of hepatitis).
- Has often been combined with fenugreek, licorice and thyme as a bronchial tea to loosen heavy mucous.

Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana)

CAUTION! Do not take in large quantity.
There is a tendency for toxic substances to form if prepared in water over 113 degrees F.
Avoid if there is low thyroid activity (myxedema), where goiter is likely, acid dyspepsia, peptic ulcers and high blood pressure.

- Used in the herbal bath to stimulate.

Hops (Humulus lupulus)

CAUTION NOTE: TOXIC consequences as especially noted in hops pickers are fever, sleeplessness, excitability, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, feeling of heaviness, no appetite. NEVER use in cases where depression is indicated as hops would further depress the highest nervous functions. Also - the plants can cause contact dermatitis in susceptible persons.

- Has also been used to expel worms, stimulate milk flow, for leprosy, dysentary, skin ulcers, and frostbite.
- The female flowers (strobiles) are often sewn into a small fabric squares or other shapes to be used as a sleep pillow. Use either dried hops alone or combined with other herbs such as lemon verbena, lavender, or mint.

Hypericum (Hypericum perforatum) aka St. Johnswort

CAUTION! The use of this herb can produce photosensitivity over the long term. Individuals using it should avoid strong sunlight

- Primary herb for occasional depression, but not used for chronic depression.
- Extract shows promise as antiviral against AIDS. Effective against staph infections.

Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis)

NOTE: Penicillin mold can grow naturally on leaves

- Crushed leaves have been applied directly for bruises.
- A warm infusion has been taken by the mouthful for colds, fevers, coughs, sore throats, and chest colds (used as a cough syrup).

Italian Oregano


Ladies Mantle (Alchemilla vulgaris syn. A. mollis)
- Has been used for female complaints.

Ladies Bedstraw (Galium verum)
- In Chinese medicine this plant is regarded as alterative, laxative, aphrodisiac, astringent, calmative, catarrh, depurative, diaphoretic, diuretic, hemostatic, pectoral, purgative, antispasmodic, sudorfic, and tonic.
- Used as a cheese rennet; contains an enzyme that curdles milk (use whole plant or just leaves and stems); flowering tops made into a summer drink.

Lamb's Ear


way2gomom May 19th, 2011 11:57 AM

Re: 1855 Midwife's Herb Garden Plan
Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia syn L. vera)
- Antibacterial properties.
- Has been used in the treatment of stress related symptoms.
- Has been used for pain and stiffness (embrocation of oil); headache and giddiness (infusion of fresh lavender as cold compress on forehead and temples).
- Added to bath water for fragrance and to stimulate (also foot bath).
- Calming, antiseptic, healing, soothing, appeasing, energy balance. Used in diffuser, sauna, massage, bath, facials, mask, and body wrap.


Lemon Basil

Lemon Geranium

Lemon Grass (Cymbopogon citratus)
- Essential oil shows promise for eliminating ringworm. A cream preparation using 2.5% oil shown to be most effective. Used in many fine culinary dishes where a mild flavor of lemon is desired.

Lemon Thyme

Lemon Verbana

Lesser Cat's Foot (Antennaria neglecta) or Plantain Leaved, aka Indian Tobacco, Ladies Tobacco, Life Everlasting, Love's Test, Poor Robin, Rattlesnake Plantain, Scinjachu, Spring Cudweed, Squirrel ear, White Plantain
- Meskwaki tribe members took the tea of the leaves daily for 2 weeks after childbirth

Licorice Plant (Glycyrrhiza glabra)

CAUTION: Use only moderately when high blood pressure, edema, or electrolyte imbalance is present. Certainly not longer than two weeks. Should be avoided during pregnancy as there is a tendency toward over stimulation.

- Expectorant (expelling phlegm); antispasmodic; anodyne; demulcent; anti-inflammatory; mild cough suppressant; mildly laxative; antiviral properties.

Lily of the Valley (Convallaria majalis)

CAUTION! All parts are POISONOUS and should be prescribed by PROFESSIONALS ONLY. Because of its toxicity, it is not used today except in the most rare of cases.

Lobelia (Lobelia inflata) a.k.a Indian tobacco

CAUTION! Lobelia can be dangerous to self administer. Use only professionally prepared formulas under a professional's advice. POISONINGS have been recorded.

Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis)
- Demulcent and expectorant.
- Considered an immune system stimulant.

- Has been used for coughs, inflammations, sore throats, irritations of the mouth and mucous membranes, external and internal ulcers, muscular stiffness, asthma, diarrhea, and cystitis.
- As a poultice for a healing balm for cuts, swellings and light burns.

Mugwort (Artemesia vulgaris) aka Beifuss (Ger)

CAUTION! TOXICITY! Risk if more than 1 oz is taken at one time or if smaller doses taken daily for months. Use for specific occasions only. MUST NOT BE TAKEN BY PREGNANT WOMEN.

- Nerve tonic, emmenagogue, appetite enhancer, diuretic, sweat inducer, stimulate digestion and bile flow, uterine stimulant, abortifacient.
- Has been used for irregular menses, bronchitis, sciatica, colic, palsy, colds, epilepsy, fevers, diabetes, enteritis, and intestinal worms.
- Has been used in therapeutic bath to relieve aches and pains in muscles and joints. (1 oz. each of mugwort, burdock root, comfrey leaf, and sage infused in 1 quart of water and added to bath.)

Mullien Weed (Verbascum thapsus)

CAUTION! Leaf hairs are irritating; always strain well through fine muslin before using.

- Tea of the flowers helps to relieve pain and induce sleep.
- Tea or fomentation has been used externally for skin conditions and wounds.
- Anodyne, antifungal. Flowers are antiseptic.

Nastartiums (Tropaeolum majus)

- The tea is said to help bring relief from chest congestion.
- Flowers used in the herbal bath and are astringent.


Oregano (Origanum vulgare var. vulgare)
- Used in the herbal bath for aching muscles and joints.

Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)

CAUTION! Should not be used medicinally if pregnant, have spasmodic menstrual pains, peptic ulcers or kidney disease.

- Has been used post-childbirth to involute the uterus and also to increase milk flow in nursing mothers.

Pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium)

WARNING!! Pennyroyal should be avoided in any and all forms by pregnant women, especially the essential oil.

- The tea has been used strictly for medicinal purposes. It should NOT be taken by pregnant women (abortifacient).

Peppermint (Mentha piperita)

CAUTION! Very young children should not be given mint. It causes gagging and choking in them. Should not be used by those suffering from gastric reflux. Also - it suppresses lactation so nursing mothers should avoid it. Although a safe herb, it should not be used daily over a long period of time. Do NOT use the oil except as an ingredient of liniment. Internal use of the oil can lead to damage of the mucous membranes and nerves.

- Menthol in mint has antispetic properties. Also carminative, antispasmodic, locally antiseptic and mildly anesthetic.
- Has been used for painful periods. A few chamomile flowers have been added to mint tea to settle upset stomach and relieve cramps and pain.

Pineapple Sage


CAUTION NOTE! Eating poppy seeds will cause a reading of "positive" in drug testing. If your employment requires drug testing, then avoid any food containing poppy seeds.

- Narcotic. Used for pain control.

Red Coneflower

Red Raspberries (Rubus idaeus) a.k.a Garden Raspberry, Wild Raspberry
- Tea combined with cream has been used to relieve nausea and vomiting; said to help with morning sickness.
- Has been used in the last few months of pregnancy to tone and strengthen the pelvic muscle (with professional guidance).


Rose (Rosa canina, R. eglanteria, R. gallica officinale, R. rugosa)
- To refresh, the cold rosehip tea can be diluted and served with fresh peppermint, lemon and ice.
- Rose vinegar used for headaches.
- Rosehip tea with a pinch of cloves and cinnamon and a slice of lemon is considered stimulating and restorative.

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) and (Rosmarinus prostratus)
- Has some antibacterial properties; contains antioxidants; contains natural camphor.
- An effective muscle relaxant which acts through the sympathetic nervous system (good after a day of outdoor activity).

- Has been used for lack of energy, depression, and as a brain stimulant (reputed aid to memory).
- Has been used as a general tonic and stimulant.

Rue (Ruta graveolens)

Sage (Salvia officinalis)

CAUTION! Avoid during pregnancy as essential oil contains thujone can induce abortion in large amounts.

- Antiseptic, antibacterial, astringent, anti-inflammatory.
- Acts directly through the tissue of the brain and eye to support memory and thinking.
- Estrogenic substances can help alleviate certain female disorders.
- Has been used for problems associated with the female genitals.
- Has been used to settle stomach, reduce sweating, and to diminish milk flow when mother is weaning baby
- Oil used for massage, bath, facial, mask, compress, lotion, and body wraps. Used as a nervous tonic aroma, for low energy, neurasthenia, and vertigo.

Salad Burnet

Scented Gernanium (Pelargonium spp)

NOTE: Not all scented geraniums are suited for internal use. Purchase plants from a reputable dealer and inquire as to safety. The following discussion refers only to the rose scented varieties designated as P. graveolens.

- Has been used as a headache remedy.
- Uplifting: used for anxiety, nervous tension and depression.

Silver King Artesmia (Artemisia annua) aka Sweet Annie
- Anti-malarial use against quinine resistant strains.
- Also used for colds, dysentery, diarrhea, indigestion, flatulence, fevers connected with sunstroke and tuberculosis.

Southernwood (Artemisia abrotanum) aka Lad's Love
- Infusion of the leaves considered tonic and a mild sedative.
- Contains a disinfecting oil.
- In the herbal bath it is used for fragrance and said to be soothing.
- An infusion of the leaves used for a hair rinse.

Sorrel (Rumex acetosa)

CAUTION! Large amounts can irritate kidneys and produce symptoms of poisoning.

- Astringent, diuretic, laxative.
- Part of the Essiac formula for cancer treatment.

- Juice is used for removing stains on hands. A strong infusion will remove stains from linen, wicker and silver. (WARNING! will also eat the bottom out of the pot!)

Spearmint (M. spicata)
Same uses as peppermint, but a different flavor which is well-known. In the language of herbs is it "refreshment".

Speedwell (Veronica spicata)
- Has been used mainly as an expectorant and for respiratory problems.
- JUICE = Taken 2 tsp in water or milk 3 times a day as a mild physical stimulant.


Summery Savory (Satureja hortensis)
- Mild antiseptic and astringent. Source of potassium.
- Has been used for occasional diarrhea, minor stomach upsets and mild sore throats.
- Stimulating in the herbal bath.

Sweet Basil (Ocimum basilicum syn O. bullatum)


CAUTION: Contains estragole and should not be taken by pregnant women. Essential oil not to be used externally or internally by pregnant women.

- CONTRAINDICATED: NOT when pregnant. NOT when nursing. NOT for prolonged use. NOT for infants or toddlers.
- Warm, aromatic, restorative, antidepressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, diaphoretic, stimulates the adrenal cortex, digestive aid, stomachic, galactagogue, prevents vomiting, tonic, carminative, febrifuge, expectorant, soothes itching, possible slight sedative action.. Used as a tea, infusion, decoction, gargle, inhalant and the essential oil in a carrier oil for massage.
- 5 to 10 drops of the essential oil has been added to bath water for nervous exhaustion, mental fatigue, melancholy or general uneasiness. Also the essential oil has been diluted in almond oil to use as a massage oil for nervous weakness. Has been combined with leaves of lemon balm and rose petals as an infusion for mild depression.
- Hot tea has been taken to promote onset of delayed menses (1 tbsp fresh herb to 1 cup boiling water, steeped 10 minutes, then strained).
- Has been combined with motherwort (or several cups basil tea alone), an infusion being prepared and drunk immediately after childbirth to prevent retension of the placenta. It was also taken as a tea several days before labor began to assist with childbirth.

Sweet Marjoram

Sweet Woodruff






Wild Garlic

Winter Savory


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